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Construction – Draft for Sector Cluster Review
LSkIP Sector Engagement CON
Specialist interest cluster group chaired by Leigh Hughes, Bouyges; CITB (Construction Industry Training Board); CSN Construction Skills Network/Experian; ECITB (Engineering Construction Industry Training Board); ECA Electrical Contractors Association; ICE Institute of Civil Engineers; Nuclear (New build and De-Commissioning); NESA (Nuclear Energy Skills Alliance); fbe (Forum for the Built Environment); South Wales Chamber of Commerce; and from supply side USW, FE; NTFW.
Demand analysis by infrastructure project – information on specialist workforce e.g. NESA – recognised qualifications important for nuclear build. Procurement contracts (including social clauses – local training requirements). Infrastructure procurement commission to inform long term planning for skilled workforce.
Summary of Strategic Priorities CON
Focus on Wales Infrastructure Investment plans (Expected availability May 2017)
Construction for Power industry – Nuclear [Hinkley Point C), Tidal Lagoon technology (Swansea)
Housing – New Build and skills for Housing/Building maintenance and stock
Industry engagement with training provision (only 18% of companies recruiting education leavers)
Upskilling managers: digital capability; leadership skills emerging Civils, BIM and higher level training.
LSkIP works closely with industry training bodies including CITB in Wales; ECITB. Both offer clear skills/training guidance and forecasting with Welsh and English routes into the industry e.g. the CITB Welsh Language Scheme and their three Welsh language Apprenticeship officers.
Additional Priorities proposed by Construction Cluster
- Circuit of Wales, Ebbw Vale – 1000’s construction/manufacturing jobs/ tourism etc
- Tidal Lagoon – Swansea and Cardiff – construction / manufacturing jobs etc.
- Housing Supply Pact – Welsh Government and Community Housing Cymru 20,000 affordable homes with an investment of £1.5 billion. Emphasis on innovative building methods
- The impact of reducing tolls on the Severn crossing on House prices in Monmouthshire and the M4 corridor should be monitored as it may be affected by the £30+ weekly tariff for cars and £67-£100 weekly tariff for commercial vehicles. Opportunities arising from the reduction in tolls may create a significant opportunity for growth in construction and relocation of businesses.
- Overconfidence generated by positive reporting (All Wales) Experian and CSN
- Uncertainty about Tidal Lagoon Power, M4 and Wylfa
- Security of non-Welsh private investment e.g. China and France
- Strategic planning e.g. Civil Engineering commitments
- Economic drivers for new home building projects
- Investment in the wider built environment e.g. Tata steel
- Regional growth starting from low base
- Reliance on significant external (English) regional projects.
LSkIP construction cluster group reflected the lack of interest from young people for roles in the construction industry reflecting research undertaken by Redrow (North Wales). Fewer than one in five school-age children (sample 1000) said their parents would consider that a career in construction was a ‘good option’. Parents are so crucial to shaping their child’s future and we should be reaching out to them and encouraging them to see the range of fulfilling careers available.
More than half said they had never considered a career in construction. Half said information on working in the industry had not been discussed with them by a teacher or made available in literature. More than half of young people said construction work was mainly manual labour.
Action is needed by employers to market opportunities in construction – a problem common to other sectors.
Data from Construction Skills Network and Experian
All Wales Annual Recruitment Requirement by Occupation – Wales (ARR)and Total Employment by Occupation Wales (for both tables see Appendix) are published annually by CSN informed by Experian. The ARR is for the whole of Wales which creates major forecasting difficulties due to the major impact of infrastructure projects, including Hinkley Point (North Somerset) and Wylfa Neuadd in North Wales although they are not separately identified. Many infrastructure projects are not included as either unconfirmed or subject to changes in the timeline e.g. Metro.
Workforce demand and related skills needs in the CSN report are drawn from regularly published research using the researchers long term experience. However, in regard to forecast accuracy, the CSN researchers reflect difficulties in producing a reliable future skills forecasts. The forecast training ‘suite’ linked to the research is turned off as future skills demand figures are unreliable.
The CSN – Experian Annual Recruitment requirement comes with a health warning. “Please note that all of the ARRs presented in this section are employment requirements and not necessarily training requirements. This is because some new entrants to the construction industry, such as skilled migrants or those from other industries where similar skills are already used, will be able to work in the industry without the need for significant retraining.”
As an indicator the largest demand for skills arising from the ARR are for Wood trades and interior fit out; Bricklayers; Painters and Decorators; Labourers; Electrical Trades and installation; Plumbing and HVAC Trades; Other construction trades and technical. Highest of all skills demand is for Non-construction professional, technical and IT.
CITB Labour Forecasting Tool
CITB are currently addressing this by developing a regionally based skills tool which can flexibly reflect demand from major infrastructure and local investment e.g. housing and schools. This tool has already piloted in England. Working collaboratively, seven local authorities in the North East found CITB’s Labour Forecasting Tool ‘invaluable’ when they applied it in a complex project. It is planned to deliver in Wales in early summer 2017. It could be considerably more reliable and locally focussed than existing resource. Action to support by the Regional Skills Partnerships.
Construction Wales Innovation College (CWIC)
The Construction Wales Innovation Centre (CWIC) will train around 1,100 people per year and be a one-stop shop for all building trades and crafts. It will also have research facilities, and an area where new types of construction can be tested. The £6.5 million centre will comprise two buildings — a main hub, and a hall.
While CWIC be helpful reducing specialist training numbers (ARR indicates skills needs of 5000 across all trade skills), it will still leave a considerable deficit to be delivered by providers.
Over half of the top ten Wales 2016 Fast Growth Fifty companies are construction related. The recent Farmer review ‘Modernise or Die’ reflects the importance of innovation to construction.
A report from consultant Arcadis warned the construction industry would need to recruit 400,000 people a year to meet the country’s needs up to 2021. Arcadis offer apprenticeship training.
New Construction Infrastructure Projects South East Wales
|Major Projects in the Region/Devolved nation*
Current projects due to complete
Planned projects due to start
|Cardiff Pointe – £715m – mid 2019||Biomass power station, Port Talbot – £900m – early 2018|
|Residential dev, Dumballs Road, Cardiff – £420m – 2020||M4 upgrade – £750m – mid 2018|
|Central Square regeneration, Cardiff – £400m – 2019||Torfaen critical care unit – £240m – start imminent|
|Residential dev, Barry Docks – £230m – mid 2017||Velindre Hospital Redevelopment – £210m – mid 2019|
|A465 Heads of the Valleys Dualling, Section 2 – £223m – mid 2018|
|Prince Charles Hospital refurbishment – £119m – early 2018|
|Glan Clywd hospital redevelopment – £110m – late 2019|
|Welsh NHS Estate £40m announced Jan 4th 2017 by Vaughan Gethin|
|Notes: * the biggest single projects in the region. Not inclusive of frameworks or programmes of work Estimated cost is total project value, not necessarily construction cost|
Transport Infrastructure – Welsh Government advices from Procurex 2016
Transport infrastructure projects have implications for construction, engineering and maintenance skills. Cole y Cymoedd is investing significantly in training to meet future demand of the Metro and for the electrification of the GWR currently being undertaken.
Rail: Transport for Wales TfW not for dividend organisation to advise Welsh Government
Comprised of consultants and civil servants to deliver procurement of new rail franchise and metro
- Metro- ECI design and construction
Transport for Wales TfW contractor framework
- Works related to electrification, track, civil works
Welsh Government is looking to reorganise/transfer functions
- South Wales Metro Phase 2 and New Rail Franchise
Formal procurement commenced in July for £700m of capital investment delivery 2019-2023
Road: A465 dualling Sections 5 and 6
Procurement to begin 2017 construction 2018
- A4232 Cardiff Eastern Bay Link Dawnus/Ferrovial Agroman JV
Community benefits with Prince’s Trust, Willows High School Pontygwaith Nature Reserve
- A4226 – Improvements to Five Mile Lane, Sycamore Cross to Weycock Cross
Delivered as WG – Vale of Glamorgan partnership – contractor to be appointed.
- M4 Brynglas Tunnels Refurbishment and River Usk Bridge Strengthening
Costain January 2016 – 92% of labour and staff to come from 50 mile radius
- M4 J28 Improvement (Basseleg – Tredegar Park)
- M4 Corridor around Newport
Costain/Vinci JV (awarded 2015 – Public Local Inquiry November 2016)
BIM – Building Information Modelling
BIM – Building Information Modelling – takes many forms – approach common across sectors
Prefabrication of building components – modular construction on-site with built-in digital intelligence
Units delivered with integrated electrics, windows, plumbing – to be assembled – Plug and Play (!)
Examples: Swansea University Bay Campus prefabricated and transported to site
Llandough hospital new wing (not digitally referenced).
Most Scottish domestic building – wooden famed with exterior cladding
Future: Heathrow new terminal 5 to be constructed with no/minimal disruption
Standardised refurbishment for Valleys terraced estate off-site construction.
Workforce accommodation for Wylfa (Tidal Lagoon Power)
Twenty-first Century Schools
Importance: In the rest of the UK BIM is mandatory for all construction projects over £3 million
Training in BIM essential for Welsh workforce both for future proofing in Wales
Understanding opportunities for working outside Wales – No BIM = No work
Common sense – this is the way forward
(Popular understanding of pre-fabrication – post WW II ‘fre-fabs’ – Kevin McLeod TV
Built off site in clean environment
Embedded knowledge of building – power, plumbing, heating, standards
Computerised – smart control – green – power saving
Central data of building layout e.g. critical to blue light services life-saving
Manufacture: None in Wales – requires very large facility (More Space than Amazon in Swansea)
Legal and General Homes – Selby Yorkshire
Skills: Currently none available in Wales(to speak of) in Wales
HE Construction Engineering, CWIC, FE construction course
Influence: Construction Ministerial Advisory Panel (ask Daryn Lewis and Leigh Hughes)
Strategic Management Support phase 1 support – 7 months to run (CITB and Cardiff Met)
The LSkIP Employment and Skills Plan 2016 referred to Hinkley Point C which has now been confirmed (Q3 2017). Significant new build nuclear projects Wylfa Newydd (Q3 2019), Moorside Q3 2020), Sizewell C (Q3 2021), Oldbury (Q3 2023) in addition to decommissioning existing stations.
The nuclear workforce for new build is forecast to grow by just under 30,000 between 2016 and 2023 falling back to existing levels (70,000) by the end of the decade. Forecasts suggest strong demand on the Welsh workforce to 2021 with Hinkley Point C and Wylfa Newydd and likely continued demand from Oldbury forecast start 2023.
Staff attrition rates in the new build workforce are forecast to be 5% per annum (circa 3,000). This excludes issues around mobility of skilled workforce between sites which suggests that total growth plus replacement (attrition) job demand could be higher. Uk research shows nuclear to have an ageing workforce in common with other sectors with over 50% of the workforce 40 plus and under 10% new entrants under 25.
Associated training for nuclear (new build and decommissioning) is linked at technical level to L2 and L3 apprenticeship training route (forecast 3,000 per annum) and at professional level to L4 and L5 linked to graduate training (forecast 3,500 per annum).
Although there are no plans for nuclear power in South Wales, action to support training in skills for nuclear is needed as South Wales as far as Swansea is included in Hinkley workforce travel to work area. Work on Oldbury will also be in the drive to work area. With existing and decommissioning, replacement workforce demand, the importance of developing skills provision at all levels is clear.
Construction in Cardiff Capital City Region
Construction employment is now rising in South East Wales after a five-year decline of 14% since 2009. However, understanding skills needs to support continued growth in South East Wales is reliant on clear information being made available about start dates for major building and infrastructure projects in South Wales. A significant impact is predicted from Hinkley Point demand.
CITB Construction Skills Network forecast construction workforce mobility how numbers will break across Northern Powerhouse, South West England and South East England. With no firm commitments the impact of the Welsh Infrastructure Investment Plan becomes clear impacting major housebuilding, road and rail/metro electrification.
CITB forecasts skills needs amongst trades can be turned around by short training blocks. These include wood trades and interior fit-out, bricklayers, labourers (50% ARR) and Painters and decorators, plasterers, plumbers, and electrical trades (25% ARR). Action needs to be taken to recognise discrete training blocks through an expanded ‘Skills Passport’.
Action is needed to establish a long term strategy to meet forecast demand in specialist professional e.g. architects, surveyors, civil engineers where professional qualifications take a number of years.
Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon Project
The Hendry Review (January 2017) offered a broadly favourable ‘economic’ review to progressing the Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon Power pathfinder project– subject to Westminster funding approvals. The review offers a number of conclusions and recommendations. Overall, a tidal lagoon programme offers a significant economic opportunity for Wales and the UK more generally… where appropriate giving a central focus to the work of organisations like Marine Energy Wales…‘ The recommendation is that the project should be allocated by competitive tender.
Supply chain conclusions do not reference Welsh businesses. ‘There are few other energy sectors where the UK can realistically aspire to have such a significant supply chain, where the skills already exist for a ‘pathfinder’ project or where there is such commitment to large scale manufacturing in the UK from the world’s largest firms in this sector.’ No apparent news in 2017 Spring budget.
Regarding skills and a focus on local Welsh opportunities arising from Tidal Lagoon power Hendry focuses on benefits other than engineering and construction e.g. FE colleges should assess possible tourism impacts and plan ahead for Skills training that significant visitor numbers could require.
The report recommends ‘the Department for International Trade hosts a summit in the UK bringing together countries from around the world to showcase tidal lagoon opportunities and skills. Perhaps the most significant recommendation is for the establishment of a Tidal Power Authority to oversee the potential for tidal lagoon power around the UK. This would establish a ‘Centre of Excellence… in partnership with the Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult with the aim of developing skills in the sector that can be used in other tidal lagoon developments overseas.
Elsewhere however Hendry states: ‘There is not currently firm evidence of a commitment to develop such resources in many of the identified countries and even if they would be developed, they would probably look more locally for the supply chain elements and skills they would need.’
A TPA would be able to make recommendations for skills development and manufacturing investment in Wales in line with Hendry: ‘I consider that the term “pathfinder project,” rather than a “first of a kind” better reflects the value that a smaller first lagoon could bring: it will establish the technology and prepare the supply chain to reap later benefits; yet follow-on projects will be different – in particular bigger – and therefore will face challenges of a different nature.’
Appendix for Construction Data
The Annual Recruitment and forecast demand do not match. The ARR takes into account replacement jobs within skills areas across sectors.
The key leakages (outflows) that need to be considered are:
- Transfers to other industries
- International/domestic out migration
- Permanent retirements (including permanent sickness)
- Outflow to temporary sickness and home duties.
The main reason for outflow is likely to be transfer to other industries.
Flows into the labour market include:
- Transfers from other industries
- International/domestic immigration
- Inflow from temporary sickness and home duties.
The most significant inflow is likely to be from other industries.
CECA Wales compare the CITB long term forecast with a very slow current market ‘the report says its rosy in Wales; the reality is not so good’.
Note the significant reliance on Infrastructure Investment projects in Wales in comparison to the UK together with public non-housing sector. Commercial construction is significantly lower in Wales (-8%) as is private house building (-5%) in comparison.
Repair and Maintenance is high in Wales and across the UK (equal largest sector in UK). Growth in Construction output in Wales is forecast by to be UK highest (compare negative growth in Scotland).
FEI Subject Areas – Construction Sector – Planning and Built Environment
|South and South East Wales|
|Lead Code||Sector 5 – Construction Planning and the Built Environment||March 2015 Return Final Planned 15/16||March 2016 Current 15/16||Difference between Final Planned 15/16 and Current 15/16||March 2016 Planned 16/17||Difference between Current 15/16 and Planned 16/17|
|0502A01B||Construction Level 1||150||127||-23||232||105|
|0502A02B||Construction Level 2||24||22||-2||41||19|
|0502A03B||Construction Level 3||66||38||-28||44||6|
|0502AE0B||Construction & Built Environment Level E||26||34||8||76||42|
|0502B01B||Brickwork Level 1||163||137||-26||129||-8|
|0502B02B||Brickwork Level 2||99||62||-37||105||43|
|0502B03B||Brickwork Level 3||12||2||-10||10||8|
|0502C01B||Carpentry & Joinery Level 1||293||277||-16||227||-50|
|0502C02B||Carpentry & Joinery Level 2||175||125||-50||228||103|
|0502C03B||Carpentry & Joinery Level 3||20||18||-2||26||8|
|0502D01B||Painting and Decorating Level 1||164||140||-24||106||-34|
|0502D02B||Painting and Decorating Level 2||86||79||-7||163||84|
|0502D03B||Painting and Decorating Level 3||0||1||1||0||-1|
|0502E01B||Trowel Trades Level 1||88||87||-1||87||0|
|0502E02B||Trowel Trades Level 2||34||30||-4||82||52|
|0502E03B||Trowel Trades Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502F01B||Plumbing Level 1||309||289||-20||281||-8|
|0502F02B||Plumbing Level 2||202||192||-10||234||42|
|0502F03B||Plumbing Level 3||25||19||-6||31||12|
|0502G02B||Gas installation and Maintenance Level 2||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502G03B||Gas installation and Maintenance Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502H01B||Wall and Floor Tiling Level 1||17||15||-2||0||-15|
|0502H02B||Wall and Floor Tiling Level 2||10||20||10||32||12|
|0502H03B||Wall and Floor Tiling Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502J01B||Plant Maintenance Level 1||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502J02B||Plant Maintenance Level 2||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502J03B||Plant Maintenance Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|0502K01B||Electrical Installation Level 1||135||107||-28||98||-9|
|0502K02B||Electrical Installation Level 2||70||96||26||120||24|
|0502K03B||Electrical Installation Level 3||31||19||-12||37||18|
|Notes: This data has been provided by the Post-16 Planning Branch as part of the Post 16 Planning and Funding Framework. Data has not been validated.|
Sector 5 – Construction Planning and the Built Environment
|South and South East Wales|
|March 2015 Return Final Planned 15/16||March 2016 Current 15/16||Difference between Final Planned 15/16 and Current 15/16||March 2016 Planned 16/17||Difference between Current 15/16 and Planned 16/17|
|Construction & Built Environment Level E||26||34||8||76||42|
|Construction Level 1||150||127||-23||232||105|
|Brickwork Level 1||163||137||-26||129||-8|
|Carpentry & Joinery Level 1||293||277||-16||227||-50|
|Painting and Decorating Level 1||164||140||-24||106||-34|
|Trowel Trades Level 1||88||87||-1||87||0|
|Plumbing Level 1||309||289||-20||281||-8|
|Wall and Floor Tiling Level 1||17||15||-2||0||-15|
|Plant Maintenance Level 1||0||0||0||0||0|
|Electrical Installation Level 1||135||107||-28||98||-9|
|Construction Level 2||24||22||-2||41||19|
|Brickwork Level 2||99||62||-37||105||43|
|Carpentry & Joinery Level 2||175||125||-50||228||103|
|Painting and Decorating Level 2||86||79||-7||163||84|
|Trowel Trades Level 2||34||30||-4||82||52|
|Plumbing Level 2||202||192||-10||234||42|
|Gas installation and Maintenance Level 2||0||0||0||0||0|
|Wall and Floor Tiling Level 2||10||20||10||32||12|
|Plant Maintenance Level 2||0||0||0||0||0|
|Electrical Installation Level 2||70||96||26||120||24|
|Construction Level 3||66||38||-28||44||6|
|Brickwork Level 3||12||2||-10||10||8|
|Carpentry & Joinery Level 3||20||18||-2||26||8|
|Painting and Decorating Level 3||0||1||1||0||-1|
|Trowel Trades Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|Plumbing Level 3||25||19||-6||31||12|
|Gas installation and Maintenance Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|Wall and Floor Tiling Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|Plant Maintenance Level 3||0||0||0||0||0|
|Electrical Installation Level 3||31||19||-12||37||18|
Key recommendations for discussion at stakeholder meetings March – June 2017
Major cross sector recommendations as discussion point
- Industry – supply side collaboration to train the trainers
- Loss of specialists e.g. welders reskill by engaging with sector specialists
- Skill existing workforce with new tech ICT/Digital skills for the tech revolution
- Re-balance teaching – 40% classroom 60% practical/placement with industry
- Engage with older workforce part-time flexible awards and APEL
- Promote ‘unseen careers’ – Employability skills
- Work with Careers Wales – sectors to market to parents/students/schools
- Employability – strive to engender enthusiasm and a work ethic
- Monitor and promote succession plans for European funded projects
- Soft people skills, use of essential skills team working, leadership and management
- Engage employers from all sectors – forefront ICT/Digital and Innovation
- Apprenticeships, All age, shared delivery, agencies, large companies, supply chain
- Get into schools marketing realistic employment opportunities
- Get employer buy-in to short, medium, long-term targets with training suppliers
- New methods of engagement using online, ICT/Digital employ young mentors
- Supply side actions
- Skills self-assessment – ICT/Digital, new technology, innovation
- Training in broadband utilisation, Cyber security training opportunity.
- Link sectors’ improving productivity to digital creativity and innovation
- Engaging young people – break gender/ethnic/ageism barriers – CoInnovate
- Large company- SME – Micro by sector – rapid profile mapping – SWOT analysis
- Supply chain balance international and local– recognise ‘gig’ and self employed
- Develop high level relevant specialist training to attract companies from outside
- Hot-spots – skills hubs across the region linked to companies and providers
Long term, on-going mapping exercise, matching demand to training supply and company research
- Sectoral demand – 16+2 sectors – LSkIP Priority Sectors – Mittelstand – Hot Spots
- Match Skills to subject area provision Schools, FEI, HE, WBL to demand (HE Detail)
- Meaningful commitment to monitor raising Levels to meet 40% ambition L4+
- Assess changing modes of delivery FEI WBL HE Apprenticeship Part-time
- Age 16-18 18-25 25-35 35-45 45+ – Numbers of people gender, ethnicity, age.
Wellbeing and Future Generations Act
All recommendations for action in the Employment and Skills plan to align with these five principles:
- Long-term thinking – balancing the need to act to address current issues with the need to the meet long term needs of Wales.
- An integrated approach – considering how a body’s objectives may impact upon the social, economic, environmental and cultural well-being [including Welsh language] and considering how an individual body’s objectives impact upon other public bodies’ objectives.
- Engagement – involving the people and communities with an interest in the well-being objectives, engaging them in finding sustainable solutions.
- Collaboration – acting collaboratively with other bodies, or different parts of a body acting together in a co-productive way, to assist in the achievement of the body’s objectives.
- Preventative action – deploying resources to undertake action now to prevent problems occurring or getting worse.
- LSkIP Sectoral Breakdown Key Action Points for Discussion [Table requires review]
Cluster Group Chair: Leigh Hughes
|1||CITB Experian Annual Recruitment Requirement (ARR) – benefit of reaching across skills levels from Entry to Level 7||wood trades and interior fit-out, bricklayers, labourers (50% ARR) Painters and decorators, plasterers, plumbers, electrical trades (25% ARR)||Short to Medium Term training – establish a long term skilled employment pool|
|[further feedback from cluster group expected]||2||Lack of regional skills demand data being addresses by CITB development of a Labour Forecasting Tool – if this tool proves successful could be used across other sectors. (March 22 update Bridgend)||Action to support development of the LFT by sharing project information by national infrastructure projects and local construction projects in CCR (by LA)
Basic data required includes:
1) Project type and location
2) Project value or gross floor area
3) Start and end dates
|Significant new tool which can also be used in other sectors
Doug.Forbes@citb.co.uk 07980 621895
|3||Problem of perception – Less than 20% say Construction is a good option – 50% think construction is manual labour||Action to market construction jobs as a good career option to parents and teachers. Promote CWIC and CWIC2 in Nant Garw(?)||Company engagement scheme going into schools and getting scholls onto a virtual/demo ‘site’
|4||Nuclear build construction skills concrete, civil engineering – NESA – Nuclear Energy Skills Alliance||Support for transferable nuclear construction skills e.g. Hinkley Point, Oldbury, Wylfa Neuadd – Short term construction skills and medium to long term technical and professional Skills.
Long term HE engagement and mapping.
|Skilled employment pool
ARR New Build Control, Engineering and Welding, Project Management, Quality Assurance, Safety Case, Health Physics, Security and Safeguards
|Welsh Government||More and better jobs… reform our public services and eliminate inconsistent delivery… secure opportunity for all… united, connected and sustainable country||Challenge inconsistences from a range of services and support mechanisms. Identify sectors impacted and work with interested parties to address issues.||Agree best practice to address issues with Third Sector and ESF project leads (see Third Sector below)|
|Well-being Future Generations Act
|1||Welsh Government policy – Preventative action – deploying resources to undertake action now to prevent problems occurring or getting worse.
e.g. just 13% of employers are taking on apprentices
|Actively promote integration and collaboration across LSkIP stakeholder groups Demand and Supply side and across sectors; Involvement of people – involvement of employers/businesses. Learn from BITC||Long term (v. short term);
Improve engagement e.g. specifically take up of apprentices Prevention, halt and reverse decline;
|2||All age employability to improve quality of employment – revisit the Industry Skills Passport (failed with BP, Industry Wales) Stronger argument this time – EU funding?||Across every sector skills focus e.g. Leadership/Management, Teamworking, Problem solving, communication, skills to meet new technologies||Introduction of industry passports for all sectors with recognition of transferable skills in addition to sector specific|
|3||Increase the number of Level 4 qualified in the workforce to meet the WG 40% target from the current 25% level. Upskilling new entrants from schools and colleges will not meet the 40% target.
Ensure the All Age apprenticeship drive is real. Master Craftsperson award
|Increase training that meet the level 4 for all ages:
Recognise existing skills APEL.
Develop enhanced skills passport WBL includes part-time qualification
Develop on-line skills
Create local job opportunities
|Significant increase of Level 4 qualifications in 45+ age bracket
Adopt different apprenticeship approach to meet their needs.
|4||A Wales of … thriving Welsh Language – working with WLGA Life Long Learning Education team. 68% of companies welcome Welsh in their workforce as a positive – 6% as essential in CCR||Work with Ryan Evans, NTfW; Richard Evans, Senior Skills Officer, Welsh Government; Education and Public Services (EPS), Welsh Gov Education unit, Qualifications Wales, Agored Cymru, others.||Ask the question/address the policy 1 million speakers by 2020
 Source: CSN, Experian Feb 2017. *nec ― not elsewhere classified
 From a briefing by Andy Falleyn, Deputy Director: Transport DEST Welsh Government
 50 mile radius Cardiff, Swansea AND Swindon, Bristol, Gloucester, Bath, Taunton, Cheltenham, Worcester.
Note of Welsh Government Construction Sector BIM meeting – Dadydd Hughes – 09.12.2016
 11.2.17 Constructionnews.co.uk/data
 CITB – ONS